|Consultation:||FYEG General Assembly 2018|
|Agenda item:||4 Political Platform|
|Proposer:||General Assembly (decided on: 04/10/2013)|
We, the Federation of Young European Greens (FYEG), are the Green youth voice on
the European level. As part of a wider movement, and composed of diverse member
organisations uniting their collective voices and aspirations, we agree: our way
of living needs to change.
Our individual and organisational backgrounds lie in social and environmental
justice movements, Green party organisations, various single-issue campaigns, as
well as gathering previously non-politicised youth. Our similarities are much
stronger than our differences of opinion, and our diversity is a strength, it
makes us explore and discover the concrete things and changes we fight for,
Through our shared struggles and aspirations we come to understand that no
single one of our topics is a lone priority but that the connections between us
are connections between issues. We refuse to choose between either the survival
and well-being of our shared planet, our personal liberties and freedoms, or
social welfare. To us, a Green perspective encompasses all of these demands, as
described in this document.
To bring about the survival of the planet, amelioration of personal liberties
and sustainable development, as well as global social justice, we must find the
channels, political arenas and tools to succeed. The institutions of formal
politics are spaces where many decisions that affect our lives and our politics
are made. We must work to be present and heard at all these stages and make
clear the urgency of green politics in order to establish support for our
But we know that politics does not begin nor end at the doorsteps of these
institutions. We have learned from history about the brutality and harshness of
the struggles for rights we take for granted today.
The challenges lie not only in victories within institutional politics, but also
in the changing of the playing field of politics. We have seen how the
environment, animal rights, the rights of minorities and other neglected causes
have been brought into the centre of the institutions through the dreams and
actions of, sometimes, a small number of committed individuals and movements.
This, to us, is part of what it means to be committed to the ideal of social and
environmental justice, democracy in general and Green politics in particular.
Our Green ideals can only be reached through participatory democracy, an ongoing
process that we should never stop developing. It is not just about voting, but
about fundamental rights and participation in every area of life.
Direct Democracy and Participation
Democracy must be more than simply a periodical procedural issue. Citizens must
be able and encouraged to engage and participate actively as much as possible in
the political decision-making process in order for society to be genuinely
FYEG stands for the right and responsibility of every citizen to be informed and
involved in all political, economic and social processes that are directly or
indirectly concerning their environment. We therefore call for direct democracy
at all levels of society to enable people to directly influence all the
political decisions which affects their society's development and enable them to
hold governments to account.
Democracy needs a strong protection of the rights of minorities, individual
liberties and human rights. No majority decision may be possible to reduce these
rights and liberties.
We support the implementation of grassroots methods such as participatory
budgets, local decision-making and regional parliaments as well as limiting
mandates by number and time in order to prevent the accumulation of power.
We call for democracy in all institutions which affect human life. Thus, pupils,
students and teachers should take decisions in schools and universities and
workers should decide about the future.
Citizenship must be available to all, regardless of origin or nationality. A
residency citizenship is a fundamental condition for democracy, so that everyone
has an equal opportunity to engage in the society which affects them.
The right to vote and stand for election at all levels must be guaranteed on the
basis of residence.
We do not support monarchy or any other non-elected system of governance. These
models are directly opposing and undermining values and practices of direct
democracy and must be abolished.
On the local level, we promote and support community activism and volunteering
as a form of human solidarity and a way to engage in participatory rights and
responsibilities. This mustn’t be an opportunity for authorities or individuals
to exploit free labour but a way of building strong, resilient local
communities. The experience and contributions of activists and volunteers to the
labour market must also be recognized and valued.
As an organisation of young people, we support youth participation in
institutional politics as well as activism. We encourage others to join us in
demanding better education and opportunities for young people to participate in
all political activities.
We consider every single citizen as an essential part of our integer society and
therefore we demand the ban of a fixed voting age. We think that broader
participation could introduce a lot of new energy. Furthermore, political
stakeholders would focus not only on one specific group of people but rather all
We believe e-democracy1 and e-participation can improve access and participation
in political processes, strengthening grass-root democracy.
Information and Openness
FYEG considers both transparency and accountability as vital for the functioning
of democracy. Without these governments tend towards corruption and nepotism and
citizens lose sufficient means of control of their governments.
We see communication as a fundamental social process and a pillar of democracy.
Everyone must have equal access to the media and the tools for its exchange.
Information within public bodies must be open and accessible. Public and private
information of public interest must be easily available to everyone with simple,
short and transparent procedures of procurement. Specifically, the data of
governments and related institutions must be accessible to civil society, with
the exception of personal data.
Freedom of thought, expression and speech must be respected. However, rhetoric
calling for violence and discrimination in public speech, marketing or
information needs to be recognized as hate speech and banned.
We emphasize the social value of Internet use in particular and demand free
access for all. Free software and Open source2 and related technologies, which
boost the exchange of information and also counter existing monopolies of
information, should be the standard. Public funding and subsidies should be
targeted at opensource technologies to offer viable alternatives where they do
not exist yet.
The Internet is a public space that should not be dominated by certain groups,
companies or governments, and the same rights and liberties that are expected
offline must be guaranteed online. Therefore, we believe that net neutrality3 is
crucial for a democratic society.
In a society where more and more of our lives take place online, it’s crucial
that personal privacy is protected. Legal authorities must only be able to
access citizens personal data if there is a court injunction. Nevertheless there
must be strict and transparent regulation procedures to void fraud.
We believe in the public domain and strongly support limitations of intellectual
property rights and patents. Thoughts and ideas evolve more creatively and serve
humanity better when they're shared.
European Union Institutions
FYEG believes there is a significant democratic deficit within EU institutions.
In order to remedy this we must transfer power from the Commission and Council
to the European Parliament. Furthermore, European Commission need to be directly
elected by EU citizens in order to close the gap between citizens and the EU
institutions. Transnational lists for the EP are needed in order to develop the
concept of pan-European citizenship.
To prevent member states using their veto to defend their own narrow interests,
we demand a European Council based on majority rule as opposed to consensus. The
voice of the Union must not be monopolised by any single member state.
The process of integration and harmonisation must not lead to a race to the
bottom between member states. On the contrary, there must be a guaranteed high
standard of public services and environmental protection and member states must
not be economically disadvantaged for unilaterally increasing these standards.
We strive to improve EU citizenship as a step towards a Social Europe. Free
movement of people and the respect of human rights must be guaranteed and
integral to the concept of EU citizenship.
FYEG believes borders, such as national boundaries, are artificial social
constructs imposed on inhabitants. States must recognise the dynamic interaction
of people, cultures and identities, thus the life and development of regions has
to overcome national borders.
We support the organising principle of subsidiarity whereby matters are
deliberated upon by the most competent authority, starting from the lowest or
least centralised level. We see regionalism as a way to bring about more direct
democracy in the spirit of subsidiarity, to strengthen local communities as well
as their economy through devolution and to embrace cultural diversity.
Regionalism, however, must never become a vehicle for nationalistic or ethnic
segregation but rather help to better enable communities and their cultural
self-determination. Though this can not unddermine interregional solidarity.
Civil Society and Justice
FYEG believes that no democracy can function without a critically involved and
active civil society. Unions and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) are vital
in holding governments to account. We deplore the attempts of business interests
to disguise lobby groups as grassroots initiatives. Lobbying must be transparent
and strictly regulated, free of disproportional influence of profit oriented
For all holders of political office, there needs to be a waiting period before
they can accept a new job from the business sector. Lobbing for commercial
interests while in office has to be ended.
No democracy can be conceived without an independent judicial system, which
operates free from political pressures and interference. FYEG strongly believes
that in a conflict with economic or political interests, strong and independent
courts must effectively protect civil liberties and human rights.
FYEG identifies the root causes of social and environmental crises in the
current economic model. In order to bring an end to environmental destruction
and human deprivation, a system change is urgently needed. We believe a Green
Economy can achieve the necessary radical change through democratisation of the
economy, redistribution of wealth4 and social and environmental justice.
Capitalist Economic Model
The current economic system, with its social division based on who owns the
means of production and its prioritisation of wealth accumulation5 at the
expense of people and environment, causes and aggravates many of the social and
environmental problems we see today.
This social division has become a coercive hierarchy, the root cause of social
domination through inequalities of wealth and power and involuntary wage labour6
relations. In theory, a capitalist economy and politics are separate spheres,
but in reality wealth, corporate or individual, has a huge influence on
governments, policies and politics.
The influence of wealth on politics grossly distorts democracy, decreasing the
influence of and excluding most citizens. This is directly opposed to our belief
in direct democracy - the empowerment and engagement of all citizens.
Individual and national wealth increasingly determines access to education,
healthcare, housing and other vital services and assets. Inequality of wealth
therefore leads to an inequality of access, which in turn leads to social
deprivation (also see 'Social Classes').
Economic growth based on material consumption is neither possible nor desirable
as it is both socially and environmentally unsustainable. If the link between
economic growth and environmental destruction cannot be broken, a controlled
recession is a better alternative.
Therefore, FYEG is opposed to capitalism on the grounds that it intrinsically
entails social domination and long-term growth based on material consumption,
which inevitably leads to the exploitation of people and the environment.
We also oppose the exponential expression of capitalism - the global neoliberal7
system - where corporations and the market prevail over human needs.
FYEG thinks beyond materialism8 and consumerism9. We strive for a system change,
for a new socio- economic system to guarantee social and environmental justice
and the utilization of natural resources under public stewardship and the
precautionary principle10 of long term sustainability11.
We strive for a system which values equality and cooperation instead of material
and monetary profit maximisation12 as the driver for economic activity. We
strive for a system which places people and the environment before profit. Such
a system also understands human activity as part of a rich yet finite,
interdependent and fragile ecosystem. For this, we need a Green Economy and to
understand the economy as a tool and not as an objective in itself.
We therefore conceive Green Economics under this new paradigm of analysis: the
elimination of the unlimited growth goal, the end of excessive capital
accumulation and a redistribution of wealth and production factors13.
Through the green economy we strive for gender equality and the destruction of
the gender work division. Intergenerational14 and intragenerational15 equity are
also fundamental social values for a Green Economy.
We must redirect and reduce production, promoting new forms of social
relationships and trade based on environmentally and socially sustainable
activity. As a society we must be less intensive and more efficient in our use
of natural resources.
We reject the commodification of the environment and the privatization of common
goods such as water resources, the climate system, earth’s genetic heritage,
knowledge. We reject the systematic privatization of the commons. We call for
political and economic systems that emphasize an equitable and sustainable
access to material and immaterial common goods. A Green Economy is an economy
that encourages sustainable technological and social innovation.
In order for economics to be ecologically sustainable16 , all the factors
damaging the environment have to be included into the production costs. The
gains must be invested in appropriate funds and be used for positive action
towards environmental restoration.
To achieve these goals we must utilise new economic indicators to help us
understand our progress. We must go beyond GDP (Gross Domestic Product17) and
incorporate invisible work forces - health and happiness and the real
environmental costs and benefits.
We strive for everyone´s right and possibility to seek happiness. A good life is
far more important a goal than economic growth, full employment or maintaining a
welfare state – although all of these have their part in reaching the goal of a
happy society. It´s not up to politicians to decide what makes a person happy.
Political decisions can however affect people´s possibility to seek happiness
and prevent problems which lower happiness. Politics should create possibilities
for happiness to grow instead of worrying about GDP.
To conclude, the green economy requires a revolution of our social and economic
system to reduce production and material consumption and increase human well-
being through the implementation of new values and priorities.
FYEG understands the concept of the Green New Deal as the first step towards a
Green Economy aiming to reduce the intrinsic crisis of capitalism. The GND
emphasises sustainable energy, Green jobs, moving towards a more service
focussed economy, the reduction of working time and the redistribution of wealth
while reducing our ecological footprint.
Labour and Use of Time
Disadvantaged groups are often forced to take up degrading jobs for low wages.
This inequality often persists for generations.
FYEG believes that work must be fulfilling mentally, physically and socially and
ensure fair wages. Working conditions must provide good health and safety, equal
treatment between genders, different sexual orientations, class, ages and
origins, career prospects and possibilities for further training. Thus, the
labour market must recognise workers as holistic human beings, taking into
consideration all their needs.
Everybody must have the right to organize their work in the most suitable manner
for themselves. We strive for a reduction of working hours. This way we can
create more jobs, reduce consumerism 18 and recognize the time necessary for
social interaction and care work.
However, the reduction in working time should not lead to a disproportionate
reduction in purchasing power19.
We strive to change our understanding of work; from working for wages in order
to fulfil short term consumerist desires to a balanced life of work and free
time which enables us to live fuller, more sociable and enjoyable lives. The
role of work must also be seen as a way of meaningful participation in society,
and every person must have the right to participate and find suitable work.
The cooperative20 business model can be the first step towards the systemic
reorganization of the labour market and production factors. Cooperatives are
also integral to democratising our economy, vital if we are to transform our
society towards a fair and sustainable world.
Fiscal and Monetary Policy
We want a fair fiscal system21 with three main goals: to support a strong
welfare state, reduce social inequalities and incentives for green and
sustainable investments. We stand by the principle of progressive taxation on
wealth, which also needs to internalize environmental costs to make polluters
Fiscal and monetary policies22 are basic economic instruments. Debt, deficits23
and surpluses24 are important tools for equalizing macro-economic trends25,
though a systemic increase in structural debt undermines intergenerational
solidarity. Especially during a recession, fiscal and monetary policies should
be used to reactivate the economy, invest in meaningful assets and hence create
FYEG opposes budget cuts without a socially inclusive debate. Knowing the danger
of high inflation26 for the whole economy, measures must be responsible and
carefully considered. Nevertheless, interest rates must not be managed simply in
terms of limiting inflation without consideration for jobs and the impact on
At the European level, we believe tax harmonisation 27 is necessary to avoid a
race to the bottom regarding the lowering of corporate and income taxation.
Additionally, fiscal systems must work together to eliminate fiscal fraud, tax
evasion and tax loopholes. We demand a new structure to regulate financial
markets and the implement a financial transaction tax to reduce speculation and
produce positive incentives for investment in the real economy28.
Regarding the Euro-zone, we cannot expect it to work efficiently or at all
without a political union, which involves common social and economic policies.
Therefore, we need a real fiscal union, with a Euro-zone Treasury and a suitably
substantial budget in order to apply effective fiscal policies.
FYEG opposes the development of an unrestrained financial sector in recent
decades. This sector has hijacked the process of accumulation29, creating new
financial instruments and innovations which undermine the value generated in the
real economy. The deregulated financial sector also continues to have a very
disproportionate and tyrannical influence on our democracies.
The financial market, the banking system and the qualification agencies30 must
therefore be strictly regulated and preferably democratically owned through
cooperatives to put finance at the service of the economy and the people, not
the other way around.
We believe the financial system must recover the coherence between production
and consumption. We need a new global financial architecture to break down the
logic of growth based on the growing debt of central countries accompanied by
the creation of a semi-periphery31 which produces manufactured goods and a
periphery relegated to provide raw materials. We must break with the logic of
unequal development and with the neo-colonial exploitation and conditions it
The insatiable extraction and consumption of fossil fuels for energy has
underpinned the evolution of our capitalist economic system since the industrial
revolution. However, our continued dependence on fossil fuels now threatens
society itself. Burning these fuels releases greenhouse gas emissions, the
principle cause of anthropogenic 32 climate change which now threatens the
stability of global society putting hundreds of millions of people at risk.
Furthermore, we are simply running out of conventional oil. Resource scarcity
will result in rapidly increasing prices and economic shocks disproportionately
affecting vulnerable groups and the Global South33. The economic, political and
hegemonic structure of our energy system promotes increasingly extreme
extraction methods, such asmountain- top removal, fracking and coal-to-gas, in
order to utilise dwindling fossil fuel resources. These methods and products
should be banned entirely.
Therefore, we urgently need to revolutionise our energy system over the next
decade, transforming fossil fuel infrastructure into a green, socially equitable
renewable energy system.
In doing so, we must be aware of false solutions, both technologically and
systemically. Nuclear power, with its risk of considerable harm and pollution,
must be decommissioned, as it has no part to play in our energy future.
Carbon capture and storage34, geo- engineering35 and other technological
'solutions' which perpetuate the burning of fossil fuels, conveniently without
challenging the status quo and with considerable risk to society, are no
solution and hence must not be prioritised and considered with caution. Measures
must be taken to fight the causes of the problems like too high emissions,
unsustainable consumption of natural resources and not simply the consequences.
FYEG proposes not just technological solutions but a transformation of our
energy system as a whole, re- conceptualising how we produce, consume and own
one of the most fundamental resources of society. Renewable energy technologies
such as wind turbines and solar photovoltaics enable the decentralisation of our
But decentralisation must also be a social priority; enabling communities to
better understand and decide how their energy is produced and profiting from
energy production. This can help strengthen the role of communities in society
and help to progressively challenge the centralised corporate dominance of our
energy system, which continues to create significant obstacles to transforming
our energy supply.
A European institution must coordinate our efforts to reduce greenhouse gas
emissions, ensuring increases in efficiency, the most effective immediate step,
are not simply matched with an increase in consumption resulting in ongoing
unsustainable levels of greenhouse gas emissions.
We must also hold Europe fully accountable for the products we consume and the
impact these have on people and the environment globally. Moving polluting
industries to other countries with less strict regulations enabling continued
pollution must be fully accounted for and Europe must take full responsibility
for these emissions.
The EU must also become a leader in renewable energy research, development and
installation and must also lead politically at international climate
negotiations. The EU must provide access to its gained knowledge and developed
technologies and offer support in international climate negotiations to bring
forward the energy revolution globally.
We have a diminishing window of opportunity to address climate change. We must
act immediately to address not only the technological but importantly also the
socio-economic causes of and solutions to climate change. This means
transforming our energy system through decentralisation of supply coordinated at
a European level but benefiting the communities who produce the energy and
challenging the current out-dated centralised system of supply.
FYEG wants an inclusive Social Europe in which social justice prevails. Thus, we
demand social policies to guarantee citizen's emancipation. Basic Income36,
progressive taxation, public pensions, free education, public health care and
guaranteed access to housing are the main elements to achieve a redistribution
of wealth37 and a more equal society. The implementation of a basic income
system must not result in an abolition of existing social rights and benefits.
We see basic income as a crucial and important complementation of existing
FYEG opposes the model of global neoliberalism38 which destroys the presence of
the state in the economy and does not recognize socio-economic rights. We
recognize socio-economic rights as the basis for the existence of social
policies. All members of society should have equal rights. Thus, we believe in
the concept of a social citizenship. Every individual has the right to live a
life independent from family and the market.
The welfare state must guarantee citizens emancipation and must be based on the
principles of universalism. Rights must be de-commodified and must be of a high
social standard. De-commodification of the status of individuals vis-à-vis39 the
market means to ensure emancipation of individuals from the market and entails
citizens to opt out of work with the life-long approach, without losing their
job, income or general welfare.
We believe that the first step is the implementation of a basic income scheme,
which recognises the fundamental value of every person in society and also the
value of unpaid work. It allows people to make decisions independent of economic
factors and to engage in socially useful activity outside of the monetised
economy such as caring and volunteering. Moreover, it gives workers more
bargaining power within the labour market.
The welfare state must also cater towards the needs of certain groups in order
to avoid social exclusion and poverty. Poverty is more than the lack of
financial resources and income; it encompasses vulnerability, precariousness,
the lack of opportunities and the denial of rights. It can be described as a
state of limited social, cultural and political participation. The rules of
competition and the free market must not be applied where they collide with
State ownership of social services means these services are democratically
accountable. Therefore the privatization and outsourcing of social services is
unacceptable. We also believe that a functioning welfare state generates more
good than a narrow budgetary view can indicate, a financial deficit40 being more
bearable than unanswered social needs.
Employment and Labour Unions
Employment policies setting out the parameters for working conditions and
relations must be deliberated over by all concerned stakeholders. We recognise
this dialogue as a crucial step to improving workers’ rights and we recognise
the role and importance of strong labour unions and legislation in creating and
maintaining high labour standards.
FYEG strives for a European Welfare State which enables disadvantaged group's
emancipation and access to a labour market which guarantees decent work.
We see Green jobs not only as those created in renewable energy and recycling
sectors, important though they are. Our concept of Green jobs also includes
those jobs which fulfil our concept of a Green economy as previously described.
Green jobs therefore must increase equality between classes and close the gender
pay gap. They must also eliminate precarious contracts and involuntary part-time
We denounce the weak position of youth in the European labour market and the
disproportional effects of economic crises on young people. Despite being the
most educated generation ever, we find it increasingly difficult to get a decent
and stable job. Young people need a stronger lobby in Europe. FYEG advocates
youth rights especially when it comes to labour policy.
A strong legal framework guaranteeing the formation and action of labour unions
is needed in Europe and at the EU level. We call for the ratification and
implementation of all provisions of the International Labour Organisation
Finally, the creation of Green jobs and reduction of unemployment and
discrimination in the labour market must be overcome by an alliance of labour
unions, worker cooperatives42 and social and political movements. We strive to
build strong relationships with the aforementioned organisations and movements
as part of our role in creating a fair, sustainable society.
FYEG believes access to a pension must be a social right. Pensions must enable
the elderly and certain dependants to have a decent standard of living. States
must provide a decent, public and universal pension scheme for all citizens,
based on progressive income taxation which also guarantees future generations
access to decent pensions.
Pension funds must be publicly owned reducing risk and enabling the state to
make socially useful investments. Over and above compulsory pension commitments,
further and unlimited voluntary investments in public pension schemes must be
allowed. The financial benefits of a public pension fund must not be applied to
the private sector.
EU pension schemes must be harmonised to enable the free movement of workers.
Any pension negotiations must be undertaken with suitable dialogue and
conditions for workers.
The universality of public education is at risk and is increasingly becoming
marketized. Formal education is becoming a process simply to prepare people for
the labour market. We believe education and self-cultivation have an intrinsic
value and are always to the benefit of society and therefore must not be viewed
or practised in these narrow terms.
FYEG believes education must be a basic social right, free, plural, equally
accessible to all, gender-sensitive, of high quality, and meet the individual
developmental needs of each person. Education should be holistic and inspire a
hunger for academic and non-academic learning. Formal, non-formal and informal
education is the preparation for a complex world and must provide knowledge and
skills needed to fully participate in society.
We believe the current education model should be radically democratized,
creating collegial instead of authoritative relations. This is important not
only for knowledge and creativity, but even more for understanding non-
hierarchical and democratic values at early ages.
Schools, universities and non-formal education centres must be intercultural and
non-discriminatory; they must not be divided by age, sex, religion, ethnicity,
origin, disabilities or legal status.
We seek real alternatives to higher education. There must be greater support for
apprenticeships and employment orientated training for young people, especially
women, including lifelong training and learning programmes.
We value the advantages of non-formal education. We are against the
categorization of people based on formal qualifications. Non-formal education
has to be supported by the state by providing resources and time and by labour
markets by recognizing its value as one form of education.
FYEG believes that access to healthcare is a human right and must be free.
Health begins with a healthy lifestyle. Prevention and education on healthy life
styles must be the corner stone of all healthcare policies.
Healthcare systems must be based on prevention, be accessible, non-
discriminatory and adjusted to every individual's needs. Healthcare must also
consist of psychological and social care. Treatment must be free of religious,
cultural or traditional limitations.
Pharmaceutical corporations are not transparent and often profit at the expense
of public health, especially in the Global South 43. Therefore, we demand a
fair, publicly owned pharmaceutical sector to compliment the private sector.
We strongly support the donation of organs and urge for an international
Sex education, including education on contraception and reproductive health care
must be introduced from an early age in formal education and respect different
genders and sexual orientations. We oppose prejudices and discrimination, such
as zerophobia, towards people living with sexually transmitted diseases.
We support the demystification of drug issues as it leads to a more open and
realistic debate on drug policies. By legalising drugs, health risks will
decrease and drug-related crimes will be reduced. Drug policies should be based
on the principle of damage minimisation and rehabilitation must be provided
within the public healthcare system. Rehabilitation methods need to be developed
to become more effective, and must not include practices which endanger human
All human beings have the right to make decisions about their own bodies and
life. Women must have the right to decide about their own bodies without
economic restriction. Thus, abortion needs to be legally defined and freely
provided. Assisted suicide should be accessible to everyone suffering from
unbearable physical or mental suffering.
FYEG believes housing is a basic human right and that housing should not be
treated simply as a commodity. The housing market must fulfil people’s needs and
not be reduced to profit maximization. We deplore financial speculation on
people’s homes and believe that people must not be left without decent
accommodation under any circumstances.
As a consequence of the unregulated private market, many people have been made
homeless or are often subjected to low quality, temporary, overcrowded housing
which has adverse psychological and physical affects. We are committed to
fighting homelessness, which represents one of the most brutal and blatant forms
of poverty and exclusion in European societies.
Social housing must be made available, offering a long-term quality solution. We
oppose processes of gentrification, which increases house prices and produces
socially homogeneous neighbourhoods, forcing people to relocate often against
Homes must be affordable to those who most need them, ecologically sustainable
and provide quality amenities to foster community cohesion. We also believe
housing cooperatives must be strongly encouraged and have access to adequate
Urban planning must be utilized to suitably increase urban density, and reduce
urban sprawl. This is both ecologically and socially beneficial.
People have a right to mobility and the use of transport. It is necessary to
invest in, expand and promote public transport and to guarantee free access for
everyone. There is a need for improved infrastructure and a shift to sustainable
and eco-friendly forms of mobility and to think of mobility as a complex
concept, involving different vehicles and ways of travelling.
All the external costs of private transportation have to be included to show
that it is extremely expensive and occupies a lot of our space. Schemes for
sustainable transport should be supported by economic incentives like eco-taxes
on fossil fuel.
Local and regional consumption of goods should be encouraged. Transport of
living animals, waste and dangerous products must be kept as short as possible
and eventually discontinued. In industrialised countries road traffic, harbours
and airports must not be extended.
We believe in a democratic and open planning system which we believe would
reduce the need for transportation.
Cities are expanding and the principle of urban mobility must be respected. Car
free cities open possibilities for urban mobility around pedestrians, cyclists
and public transport and the reoccupation of public space by people. In this
way, cities play their role in genuine ecological and democratic change.
FYEG conceives of public space as a place of meeting for reflection and casual
and formal socialising. Public space provides places for public audiences, for
street art and expressions of protest all of which are fundamental to democracy
and community well-being.
Unfortunately public spaces are being sold off to create high street shopping
centres or are having measures put in place limiting people’s right to meet and
gather. We must immediately stop this destruction of public spaces, our squares,
streets, gardens and town centres.
Therefore we demand an immediate stop to the transformation of public space into
All arbitrary restrictions of civil liberties in public space are unacceptable
and such legislation must be repealed. Further, we deplore and seek to limit the
visual pollution of public space by excessive presence of ad-campaigns.
Access to Culture
FYEG believes that free access to culture is a basic right of the people. The
abusive economic exploitation of culture through restrictive systems such as
marketisation and copyright, are an impediment to free access. As a solution, we
propose new models based on free sharing.
States must also provide free access to all cultural content in their
possession. Social centres must be freely available and under the democratic
control of local communities.
Global Justice, Peace and Human Rights
The current neoliberal 44 institutions protect large corporate interests but not
people or the environment. We believe that another world is not only possible
but also urgently needed. We demand Global justice!
FYEG stands for global justice and equality between countries. We oppose the
current neoliberal globalisation promoted by the World Trade Organisation (WTO),
World Bank (WB) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), whose model continues
to enrich major multinational corporations and financial institutions at the
expense of the Global South45, certain social classes and the environment.
Neoliberalism supports the privatization of national industries, deregulation
and enhancing the role of the private sector while restricting or eliminating
the role of the state. It undermines local decision-making and exploits local
populations. Under neoliberalism restrictions on corporations and capital are
removed, while boundaries are maintained for local and other communities.
Neoliberalism leads to high levels of social exclusion, destruction of labour
unions, large disparities in income, increased poverty, poor and unequal
education, poor healthcare and high rates of crime and incarceration. It
reinforces the North-South divide and maintains neocolonialism.
This stems from a long history of exploitation especially by European powers.
The industrialisation of Europe was based on the slave trade and mass atrocities
by the colonial powers who extorted raw materials through force. Most of the raw
materials necessary for the continued material growth of our economies still
comes from the Global South, but the companies extracting them are based in the
Following the end of colonialism, neocolonialism now prevails. Global
institutions like the United Nations Security Council, WTO, WB and IMF do not
represent the population of the world.
Another Globalisation is Possible
FYEG fights for global justice. We believe that an alternative form of
globalisation based on global justice, cooperation, democracy, engagement and
the free flow of information is possible. We are in solidarity with the global
marginalised majority and press for fairer global structures and
institutions, which need to be reflected in the economic system.
There needs to be democratic ownership of natural resources by the people.
We support grass-roots organisations, indigenous people’s movements and
democratic leaders in their efforts to push for global justice. We thus support
institutions such as the World Social Forum (WSF) and the United Nations
Economic and Social Council (UNESC). The WSF seeks to develop an alternative
future through the global engagement of civil society, social movements and
NGOs. We are part of a decentralised debate, exchange of experience and
knowledge and coordinated action working towards a fairer and sustainable world
as a legitimate and democratic alternative.
The United Nations
The United Nations was born out of the terrible experiences of the world wars.
However the nations governing the UN did not succeed in creating a safe, secure
and fair world. With its organisations and its Human Rights Conventions it aims
at ensuring freedom and well-being for all. The UN aim of development must not
be reduced to abstract millennium goals, a policy of global justice can only be
achieved with a fair distribution of wealth47 and power.
In order to be strengthened, the UN needs to be democratised. We demand the
dissolution of the UN Security Council. We call for a democratically elected UN
Parliamentary Assembly, which should elect an executive committee giving fair
representation to different global regions and legitimacy to the decision-making
bodies of the UN.
The UN General Assembly must implement economic and social policies so as to
achieve global justice, opposing the hegemonic policies of the WTO, WB and IMF.
FYEG demands human rights to be universally recognized and respected. To achieve
this goal we need a strong global network of civil society, supported by
education and training instruments. International conventions are an important
tool, as are the internal workings of the United Nations to enforce them, by
naming and shaming, international pressure, and sanctions. However, human rights
go beyond international agreements; they begin from the needs of each person,
within each society.
We condemn the practice of abusing human rights in international politics as an
argument to pursue own national interests. Human rights, which essentially
evolve and develop, need to be transversally included on all institutional
levels, along with corresponding monitoring mechanisms.
We acknowledge that the basic rights, dealing with civil liberties and
participation in political life, are still causes that need to be fought for, in
Europe as elsewhere. This however should not hold us back from participating in
the struggle for new human rights.
We are in favour of a stronger international human rights regime working in
cooperation with regional human rights courts. We support the establishment of
effective possibilities to judicially prosecute breaches of human rights on the
global level, since there is currently a wide gap in internationally concerning
the real implementation of human rights. We strive for an impartial institution
to bring perpetrators of the Global South and the Global North to justice, if
justice cannot be implemented regionally.
FYEG is committed to the vision of a world without weapons, armed conflict and
war. We understand peace to be more than the absence of war and pacifism as a
necessarily transversal concept, which affects different areas of policy. Peace
has to be built every day by reducing sources of conflicts such as poverty,
injustice and discrimination. To achieve this, all actors must take
responsibility and promote human rights.
Everybody has the responsibility to prevent the outbreak of violence using all
legitimate means available. Therefore we support the responsibility to prevent
and demand its institutionalisation on the UN level. The use of violence can
only be the very last resort of political action. Decisions that lead to the use
of military force must be transparent, fully accountable, democratically
legitimized and reasonably justified.
We maintain a high degree of suspicion with regards to the “Responsibility to
protect”, due to the potential for abuse. It has too often been used to
legitimize actions beyond protection of civilians. However, we are not
inherently opposed to “Responsibility to protect”, as it may provide a means of
last resort for the international community to protect civilians against abuses
on a mass scale.
Military intervention must require a UN mandate. Intervention should only be
mandated to stop mass atrocity crimes and must be strictly limited in mandate
We oppose the maintaining of large military forces which we see as a waste of
resources that should go to other priorities and aggressively provocative
towards other groups and nations. Therefore we support the continued reduction
of arsenals by destruction of obsolete material and material swapping between
Furthermore, we demand the end of all weapon production under profit logic,
retaining only that necessary to comply with the international community’s
responsibility to protect. All subsidies to the armaments industry must be
In this context nuclear weapons must be highlighted. Development and testing of
nuclear weapons must be banned globally and the process towards total nuclear
disarmament must continue with increased urgency.
We believe that structures such as NATO48 go against the fundamental aim of
European construction that is to spread peace. By its historical purpose, narrow
militaristic outlook and fundamentally undemocratic structures, it should not be
a model for the future. We therefore think that NATO must be dismantled.
For the EU to truly represent its ideals and values in foreign politics, non-
violence and co-operation policies are powerful tools and must be utilised.
Therefore we demand the creation of a European Civil Peace Corps, as a non -
military structure, in charge of creating and preserving peace. Members of this
Corps should be trained in the skills of non-violent conflict resolution, and
should be employed as both a preventive and a curative measure.
We oppose the state's right to force participation in military training and
activities. Any forced service must be abolished.
Migration and borders
FYEG believes that freedom of movement is a human right, migration is not a
crime and no human is illegal. We demand legal protection and residency status
for migrants and respect for their human rights. We strive for the complete
abolition of borders and the unquestionable right for everyone to choose a place
The current EU border policies institutionalize racism and social
stratification. Militarized agencies are not a viable way of meeting neither the
challenges of global migratory flows nor the needs of migrants and refugees.
Europe has become a fortress while migrants are exploited as a cheap labour
force on the basis of their vulnerable status. As such FYEG is convinced that
FRONTEX49 must be abolished.
We are against externalization of European borders. These policies are
interfering in migration patterns which are beyond EU borders and as such are
implemented outside of any legal and legitimate context, representing a direct
attack on human rights. European policies need to focus on mitigating the actual
reasons of forced migration and offer substantial help.
Though the European Union supports the free movement of goods, capital, services
and people, these freedoms end at its borders.
We demand the immediate implementation of a common European border policy
respecting fundamental human rights. The EU must harmonise asylum procedures
reflecting the principle of solidarity and inclusive Europe, while actively
supporting the UNHCR50 resettlement programme for refugees.
A fair and humanitarian asylum system must be based on understanding of and
respect for the needs of asylum seekers.
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, also known as the
UN Refugee Agency.
Identity, Equality and Inclusion
Through identifying links between multiple levels of discrimination, we are able
to fight for an equal society. We must smash patriarchy, class division, racism,
fascism and every other system of oppression.
FYEG stands for an open, intercultural and fair society where individuals are
free to express themselves and pursue happiness. The division of people into
groups based on various personal attributes limits and is in opposition to the
concept of identity. The different norms that societies implicitly or explicitly
rely on are not only subject to change throughout history, but also often
constitute a form of violence against those who do not fit these norms.
Ideas and stereotypes that are labelled and justified as natural are usually
socially constructed norms. The concept of normal has been built on the social
values, rules and institutions dominated by rich senior white men. This
discourse has been imposed on all of society and needs to be deconstructed.
The practice and acceptance of this concept oppresses not only women but all
individuals with a different identity. Further, different forms of oppression51
often interlink to form multiple oppression on certain groups and individuals.
These interrelated structures of oppression degrade society as a whole.
We believe that humans should not be forced to choose between identities as if
they were mutually exclusive choices. We welcome movements that break up old
norms and stereotypes. Any discrimination based on gender, ethnicity, sexual
orientation, class, appearance, age, disability, religion, political ideas or
any other category is unacceptable. To us, society must be open and inclusive
and not demand mono-cultural daptation52.
Equality and Non-Discrimination
FYEG sees discrimination and repression as a form of violence. Too often,
injustice is taken as natural and constructed norms remain unquestioned.
Knowledge, experience and exchange with people who experience discrimination can
weaken existing stereotypes and open the path towards a better society for
everyone to enjoy.
Society must acknowledge discrimination. We advocate the creation of awareness-
raising and monitoring institutions on discrimination.
Information should be collected to expose existing injustices and must also have
influence on the policy-making process.
We demand all necessary instruments and policies to eradicate all kinds of
discrimination and move towards an equal society. To reach this, all policy
areas must integrate the idea of inclusion.
FYEG recognizes social class as the main obstacle to an equal and fair society.
Classes are the social stratification due to power relations in the labour
market and the economic system. People with the same social, economic and
educational status belong to the same social class.
Social class often determines the possibility of a person to participate in
society, particularly in decision making processes. Culture, education, economic
background and social contacts reinforce stratification and power structures.
FYEG strives towards the elimination of social classes creating a society of
genuine equal opportunities.
FYEG recognizes gender as a social construct and a product of patriarchy. We
believe that all roles and divisions based on gender hide a relation of power.
Therefore we oppose the binary gender system and demand neutralization of gender
based differences in society. This power relation and the norms it establishes
oppress both woman and men.
This powerful system affects human beings in the most intimate areas of life.
Patriarchy imposes a false dichotomy on societies: a masculine domain, which
centralizes political, social and economic power, and a female domain of the
private sphere. Activity in the female sphere, such as care-taking within
families, is not recognised as socially or economically valuable and thus
renders the contribution of women invisible.
Moreover, our economies take advantage of this model by externalizing care costs
to families and thereby effectively to women. All those who are capable should
equally share care work. We support measures that give people, regardless of
their gender, possibilities for care taking without being penalized in their
Language and symbolic expressions in society perpetuate and reinforce gender
discrimination in an almost invisible way. We ask for a gender sensitive
language, still bearing in mind that gender is not a binary concept.
We demand that sexual harassment and gender violence be considered violent,
criminal acts and that they are legally prosecuted. The victim should not be
blamed for having been assaulted. Instead, adequate resources for helping the
victims of sexual assault both in their legal fight and psychologically, must be
FYEG declares itself a feminist organization. Feminism, to us, refers to both
the fight against patriarchy and the desire to go beyond binary gender
divisions. We see discrimination against women as a form of violence present in
politics, the labour market, our education and private life. We identify queer
theory53 as a promising intellectual framework to go beyond gender structure. In
order to reach a gender neutral society we support the use of quotas in favour
of women as a first step towards equality. We therefore advocate quotas as a
transitory measure to empower women.
We acknowledge gender-based discrimination of women in the labour market. Thus
we demand equal pay for equally valuable work and an end to discrimination based
on pregnancy and parenthood.
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Intersexual, Transgender and Queer
FYEG opposes any discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. Everybody
should have the right to freely express their sexuality. We advocate the
recognition of sexual minorities, and their rights as lesbian, gay, bisexual,
intersexual, transgender and queer54.
Sex and sexual orientation must not be registered. Legal recognition of gender
identity should not be a reason for a violation of physical integrity. Education
and information on sex, gender, sexual orientation and identity, especially on
intersexuality and transsexuality, needs to be introduced, supported and
included in curricula and the public domain.
We demand the same rights and responsibilities for all despite their sexual
orientation. We demand legalization of same-sex and transgender marriage,
adoption of children, artificial insemination and the entire legal framework to
guarantee equality. Jurisprudence must not impose a model of family.
The definition of one’s sexual identity should be in each individual’s own
hands. Everybody must be free to change sex. Right and access to sex
reassignment must be guaranteed and paid for via public health care. We deplore
the practice of requiring individuals to undergo sterilization before a sex
change and we strive to abolishsuch requirements in European countries.
Receiving legal recognition of gender identity must not require any medical
We particularly deplore homophobia and transphobia. We demand the de-
pathologization of homosexuality and transsexuality.
We demand that the EU, its member states and civil society support and defend
LGTBQ rights and LGBTQ movements in other countries.
A fair society is based on equal rights and equal access. FYEG supports people
with disabilities in their fight for equal rights and access. Society has
historically marginalised people with disabilities by creating special areas and
by not adapting public space to everybody’s needs. This denial of equal access
to social, political, and economic life must end.
We demand that urbanism and architecture integrate the needs of people with
disabilities and contribute to the creation of an inclusive public space for
all. Accessibility benefits not only people with disabilities but everybody.
Access to braille, communication aids or sign languages must be broadened as
well as access to information, media and interaction facilities for people with
FYEG is opposed to age discrimination. The description of young people as
essentially immature and unreasonable is the basis for underrepresentation in
decision-making processes. It is crucial to promote the participation of youth
to shape the social, economic, cultural and environmental decisions, which
affect them. We refuse to be "youth for youth" and seek to participate in all
decision making processes as equal and respected stakeholders.
We are aware of the need for intergenerational55 solidarity. The discourse that
excludes the elderly from active participation and secludes them into designated
areas is driven by the same mechanisms we denounce in the case of youth. Thus,
we refuse to believe in the stereotype of senile, disillusioned and necessarily
conservative seniors. Youth and the elderly are linked by an assumption that
both groups are outside the economy as active labour and are therefore of lesser
value, a concept contrary to all our beliefs.
FYEG acknowledges that European populations do not fit the idea of monolithic
cultural entities at all. Europe is a diverse continent and we need to draw
inspiration from this fact. Nation states were never and are not identical with
any kind of coherent, static and closed culture.
To us, ideas of national identity make no sense. European policies require an
intercultural perspective in order to overcome hate and discrimination towards
groups that do not correspond to these nationalist norms. We also oppose the
view that migrants need to go through a process of assimilation, which often
includes a rejection of their own identity. This leads to institutionalised
racism on a European and national level. Societies should accept complex
identities and personal histories.
The institutions of our societies do not reflect their diversity. Hidden
barriers and obstacles, as well as structural racism in institutions, need to be
addressed and fought, especially in politics and the media, which often create a
tense atmosphere with unbalanced and destructive coverage of migrant issues.
Language, as one key tool in an intercultural society, has great practical,
social and cultural value. Therefore, we believe that learning foreign languages
must be promoted at all levels of society. Empowering individuals to learn from
others and increasing communication between people from different backgrounds is
a vital first step to overcome boundaries and divisions.
For us, no religion is better or worse than others. Churches 56 must be
separated from the state and no religion should have privileged status. In an
intercultural society it must be possible for everyone to live in a climate of
peace, mutual respect and tolerance regardless of their individual view of life
In many countries this means that existing privileges need to be abolished. We
stand for a secular state where religious laws are not considered as above or
outside civic law. With respect to diversity, traditions and customs, religious
laws, structures and procedures need to respect state laws as highest reference.
This is crucial for the preservation of human rights and equality. Governments
need to stay away from amalgamation of state and religious affairs.
FYEG is opposed to nationalism. We reject the idea that membership in a
constructed entity gives people certain traits and realise the divisive and
blinding nature of such an idea.
Fascism has played a terrible role in European history, imposing monolithic
identities and turning its invisible violence into open violence. The fascist
attack on personal freedom and diversity as well as its crimes against humanity
are the reasons we define ourselves as anti-fascist and are in solidarity with
the anti-fascist movement.
Ecology is present throughout this document, and is the basis of our Green
thinking. The earth has limited resources, and we have to plan our sustainable
social model based on those limits.
Value of Nature
FYEG believes that nature has an intrinsic value. All conflicts between society
and nature are products of an unhealthy, unsustainable and unethical perception
of nature. Long-term sustainability57, preservation of local ecosystems and
stability of ecological cycles have to be prioritized and set as “necessary
conditions” for any exploitation of any natural resource.
All ecological issues must be understood and solved in a holistic and
interlinked way, rather than downplayed as technical issues within the field of
environmentalism to be solved by technological improvements.
Since nature is a very complex system of life cycles, we have neither reason nor
rationale for having blind faith in technology for fully understanding all the
ecological crises, much less solving them through technical means rather than
comprehensive social change.
Climate change is one of the greatest and most urgent crises of our current
society. Without immediate radical action on a global scale humanity faces
likely catastrophic climatic changes. Extreme climate and weather patterns not
seen during the development of civilisation will become the norm, having
potentially drastic adverse effects on humans, animals and plants.
The scientific world is unsure exactly how soon we may tip the delicate climate
balance into positive feedback loops which would then leave us on an all but
unstoppable path to several degrees of catastrophic global warming. We therefore
urgently need sufficiently ambitious global legally binding agreement to reduce
CO2e emissions in line with scientific recommendations.
Such an agreement has to be prepared and underpinned by ambitious strategies and
measures on national, regional and local level. The agreement has to be built on
principles of global justice and resisting countries must be brought to a common
playing field through climate tariffs.
Countries in the Global North58 must acknowledge that the largest share of
global CO2 per capita emissions originated in their countries and currently
continue to do so, resulting in a widening gap with the Global South59.
Therefore they must agree a suitable fund to help other countries mitigate and
adapt to climate change.
FYEG demands the implementation of a cap-and-dividend scheme mixed with cap-and-
investment to mitigate carbon emissions and to reduce global inequalities. The
scheme must be developed at regional levels under a binding global agreement.
Considering vested interests at play within international markets, we do not
believe market mechanisms alone can adequately mitigate emissions.
All countries must increase their efforts in order to ensure atmospheric
greenhouse gas concentrations are rapidly reduced to ensure we do not exceed a
temperature rise of 1.5°C. This figure of 1.5°C must always remain consistent
with the most recent scientific recommendations with consideration to the
precautionary principle60 as described by the United Nations Framework
Convention on Climate Change.
Biodiversity is fundamental to healthy ecosystems and of great importance to our
well-being, both physically and psychologically. As well as being integral to
the economy, biodiversity provides irreplaceable natural services; it is also a
vast medicinal resource and for many also plays an important spiritual and
We are currently facing the simultaneous ecological disasters of climate change
and biodiversity loss, both of which are directly related to our society's
unsustainable economic system, overconsumption, use of toxic chemicals and the
related unsustainable practices and habits.
One of the most devastating aspects of biodiversity loss is the current mass
extinction of species, caused by a number of serious, deep-rooted problems such
as habitat destruction, climate change, land use changes, the introduction of
invasive species, genetic pollution, monoculture and overexploitation.
FYEG believes wide-ranging measures are necessary to deal with these problems,
including fundamental changes to our economic system and our way of life. As
well as rapidly reducing our exploitation and wastage of land and other natural
resources we need to ban unsustainable practices for example genetic
modification of animals and plants and strictly regulate the use of various
Immediate radical action must be taken at all levels of society from local to
global and we believe Europe is financially well set to lead the way. Europe's
role is especially important considering the historic damage Europe has
inflicted on global ecological systems.
The European Union must switch to a holistic approach to biodiversity,
recognizing the direct links with climate change, agriculture, pollution,
transport and energy issues. These aspects should be taken as principles in all
foreign policy and development cooperation of the EU.
Any implementation must be taken with full cooperation of those communities
affected and all stakeholders must be fully involved in the long process to
address this issue.
Agriculture, Food and Rural Life
The “Green Revolution”61 brought us energy intensive agricultural practices,
known as industrialized agriculture, which has destroyed ecosystems, seriously
harmed biodiversity and lead to the loss of fertile land which is becoming a
serious problem. It brought us a centralized seed market, with high performance
seeds, which need high input of chemicals and fertilizers to grow and are not
able to adjust to changing conditions and diseases.
The change of agricultural practices all over the world goes hand in hand with
the globalization of food markets, which set the focus on cost efficiency over
sustainability. In order to compete in this market wages are reduced and working
methods mechanised. This leads to monocultures and loss of work leads to
Food processing and distribution has been monopolized creating significant
obstacles for small farmers who don't have the money to invest in the machines
they need to match the standards of big food companies.
Since the most basic and important livelihood of billions is falling apart and
the food security and safety of the rest of society is under severe threat, FYEG
demands immediate action: to stop unsustainable, unfair, energy-intensive,
centralized practices and policies on the one hand, and to implement
sustainable, fair and energy-efficient, decentralized, democratic and local
practices and policies on the other hand.
There are many positive trends working towards sustainability, fairness, energy-
efficiency and decentralization. Financial support for agricultural activities
should be directed towards ecologically and socially sustainable practices.
Organic farming must become the standard form of food production. Other forms of
bringing food production closer to consumers and making it visible in everyday
life in cities is also important. Community gardening and urban farming, while
usually small-scale, helps us re-think our relationship to food, as well as
being a positive form of reclaiming unused urban space.
Our growing need for both food and living space must be solved without large-
scale expansion of either cities into rural areas or of agriculture into
especially biodiverse areas.
Local seed production is needed, not GMOs and high performance seeds. The right
to store and sow seeds should not be limited, and seed patents should not be
allowed for human as well as for animal feeding.
GMOs are no solution to the food crisis and should be banned. They can have a
harmful impact on local ecosystems and support multinational seed companies, who
take away the freedom of the farmers with unfair contracts. We are however, not
inherently against publicly funded research into GM products.
The unsustainable fishing practices of the EU is a serious problem for food
security and biodiversity. Overfishing in European waters has lead to an
unsustainable amount of fish, which in turn leads to socially unacceptable
fishing agreements. This leads to overfishing and destroys the livelihood of
Fish farming currently is a threat to biodiversity and wild fish, and massively
pollutes oceans, seas and lakes. If fish is farmed, it must take place either on
land or with suitable mitigation measures.
In the European Union, the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is the most
important tool to influence agricultural practices. Today it serves to support
industrialized agriculture and export-orientated farming.
This has to be ended. Public money should go towards public goods. The CAP
should support farming styles and agricultural practices which ensure
biodiversity and a sustainable environment. It should support rural areas
through the support of regional markets and small-scale farming, allowing local
communities to be autonomous in relation to food. A change in the CAP could
offer an opportunity to fight climate change by encouraging farming of edible
crops instead of meat for consumption.
FYEG sees value also in life itself. In addition to the obvious value of
ecosystems and consciousness, living beings in general must be treated with
respect. We strongly oppose any misuse, abuse and objectification of living
Vegetarianism and veganism are preferable over other diets, not only for their
environmental benefits, but also out of respect for life itself. Lifestyles
using few or no animal products should be made possible and supported at all
stages of life, including public institutions. We support legislation and the
distribution of public resources to reduce animal consumption.
In the life saving medical and physical sciences we strongly encourage the
development of alternatives to animal testing. In all other branches of industry
and science animal testing must be banned. Furthermore, we call for pain-free
husbandry, especially agricultural animal farming and the introduction of
adequate regulations. We want to abolish the keeping of animals for circuses.
Zoos and other areas where animals are simply for people´s entertainment need to
be abolished and large zoos need to be transformed into parks. Hunting as a
hobby must be discontinued. We need more nature reserves and programmes for the
preservation of endangered species.
Conservation efforts must be de-coupled from entertainment using animals such as
zoos and circuses, which we see as denigrating and often abusive.
Ecology as the Fundament of Our Society
Reality has a Green bias in that there are objective limits to material growth
and expansion. These restrictions set by our material reality are a frame that
all politics has to work within, and the Green movement has been the first,
though hopefully not the last, to recognize this.
The consumption of non-renewable resources has always been and remains a short-
term option, whereas the values of nature that are destroyed by such short-term
actions may remained indefinitely. All of society needs to recognize the long-
term value which being destroyed for short-term gains. Society must be re-
structured to serve a long term perspective.
This document outlines our basic political beliefs and stances. It creates a
philosophical framework for action at a local level and enables the Federation
to elaborate concrete topical policy papers and act politically in accordance.
Through creative discussion and debates we have improved our knowledge and
established a mutual understanding across the Federation bringing our members
To bring about the much needed change in our fight for global social and
environmental justice, we strive to build alliances with other political forces
and actors. We shall do this on the basis of the ideas and concepts we outline
in this political platform both inside and outside the Green Family.
A mandate for FYEG and its bodies is hereby established through our vision of a
better future. Collectively we will fight for this future!
- E-democracy: the use of information and communicationtechnologies to
engage citizens, support the democratic decision-making process and
- Free software and Open source: publicly licensed andavailable source code,
granting users the right to use, copy, study, change, and improve the
structure or design of software.
- Net neutrality: the principle that advocates no restrictions byInternet
Service Providers or governments on users of the internet.
- Wealth: an abundance of valuable possessions or money.
- Wage labour: the socio-economic relationship between aworker and an
employer, where the worker sells their labour under a formal or informal
- Neoliberal: relating to or denoting a modified form ofliberalism tending
to favour free-market capitalism.
- Materialism: a tendency to consider material possessions andphysical
comfort as more important than other values such as social, cultural or
- Consumerism: the preoccupation of society with theacquisition of consumer
- Profit maximisation: the process by which a firm determinesthe price and
output level that returns the greatest profit.
- Production factors: factors of production (or productive'inputs' or
'resources') are any commodities or services used to produce goods and
- Intergenerational: between generations e.g. intergenerationalequity means
equality between generations not simply within generations
- Intragenerational: occurring or existing between members ofone generation.
- Sustainability: meets the needs of the present withoutcompromising the
ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
- Gross Domestic Product: the total value of goods producedand services
provided in a country during one year.
- Purchasing power: purchasing power is the number ofgoods/services that can
be purchased with a unit of currency. For example, if you had taken one
dollar to a store in the 1950s, you would have been able to buy a greater
number of items than you would today, indicating that you would have had a
greater purchasing power in the 1950s.
- Cooperative : an organisation that is owned and run jointly by its
members, who share the profits or benefits.
- Fiscal system: of or relating to government revenue, especially taxes.
- Monetary policy: monetary policy is the process by which the monetary
authority of a country controls the supply of money, often targeting a
rate of interest for the purpose of promoting economic growth and
- Deficit: an excess of expenditure or liabilities over income or assets in
a given period.
- Surplus: an excess of income or assets over expenditure or liabilities in
a given period, typically a fiscal year.
- Macro-economic trends: the behaviour of the aggregate economy, including
economy-wide phenomena such as changes in unemployment, national income,
rate of growth, gross domestic product, inflation and price levels.
- Inflation: A general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value
- Tax harmonisation: tax harmonisation refers to the process of making taxes
identical or at least similar in a region. In practice, it usually means
increasing tax in low-tax jurisdictions, rather than reducing tax in high-
tax jurisdictions or a combination of both.
- Real economy: The real economy generally refers to the nonfinancial
economy—for example, manufacturing, farming, trade, and services.
- Accumulation: the accumulation of capital is the gathering or amassing of
objects of value; the increase in wealth through concentration; or the
creation of wealth.
- Qualification agencies: financial rating agencies which calculate how
risky investments are.
- Periphery: periphery countries (sometimes referred to as just the
periphery) are those that are less “developed” than the semi-periphery and
core countries. These countries usually receive a disproportionately small
share of global wealth. They have weak state institutions and are
exploited by more developed countries. By the exploitation of periphery
country's agriculture, cheap labour, and natural resources core countries
can remain dominant.
- Anthropogenic: originating in human activity
- Carbon capture and storage: Carbon capture and storage (CCS), (carbon
capture and sequestration), refers to technology attempting to prevent the
release of large quantities of CO2 into the atmosphere from fossil fuel
use in power generation and other industries by capturing CO2,
transporting it and ultimately, pumping it into underground geologic
formations to securely store it away from the atmosphere.
- Geo-engineering: Geo-engineering (or climate engineering) means proposals
to deliberately manipulate the Earth's climate to counteract the effects
of global warming from greenhouse gas emissions.
- Basic income: income unconditionally granted to all on anindividual basis,
without means testing or work requirements.
- Vis-à-vis: literally 'face to face'. Often now used in the sense of'in
- International Labour Organisation (ILO): is theinternational organization
responsible for drawing up and overseeing international labour standards
- Global Justice, Peace and Human Rights
- Global South: the collective title for states of South andCentral America,
Africa and most of the Asian states, considered as countries with a lower
rate of “development”.
- Global North: the collective title for the countries of Europe,North
America and Australasia, considered highly “developed”.
- NATO: the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is anintergovernmental
military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty, signed on 1949. It
is a collective defence force whereby its member states agree to mutual
defence in response to an attack by any external party.
- FRONTEX: the European Agency for the Management ofOperational Cooperation
at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union is the
European Union agency for external border security. It is responsible for
co-ordinating the activities of the national border guards in ensuring the
security of the EU's borders with non-member states.
- UNHCR: the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner forRefugees,
also known as the UN Refugee Agency is a United Nations agency mandated to
protect and support refugees at the request of a government or the UN
itself and assists in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or
resettlement to a third country.
- Social oppression: the systematic, socially acceptedmistreatment and
exploitation of a group or category of people by anyone. In sociology, the
tools of oppression include a progression of denigration, dehumanization,
and demonisation; which often generate scapegoating, which is used to
justify aggression against targeted groups and individuals.
- Cultural adaptation: the sociological process of assimilation.It is a
socio-political response to demographic multiculturalism that supports or
promotes the assimilation of cultural and ethnic minorities into the
dominant culture. Assimilation usuallyinvolves a gradual change and takes
place in varying degrees; full assimilation occurs when new members of a
society become indistinguishable from older members and they are forced to
abandon their own values, culture, history and identity.
- Queer Theory: a field of post-structuralist critical theory that emerged
in the early 1990s out of the fields of queer studies and Women's studies.
Whereas gay/lesbian studies focused its inquiries into "natural" and
"unnatural" behaviour with respect to homosexual behaviour, queer theory
expands its focus to encompass any kind of sexual activity or identity
that falls into normative and deviant categories.
- Queer: an umbrella term for sexual minorities that are not heterosexual,
heteronormative, or gender-binary. In the context of Western identity
politics the term also acts as a label setting queer-identifying people
apart from discourse, ideologies, and lifestyles that typify mainstream
LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transsexual) communities as being
oppressive or assimilationist.
- Churches: refers to all kinds of religious institution, not only
- Green Revolution: a series of technological innovations,transfers and
research initiatives which rapidly increased agricultural production
around the world between 1940 and 1970, but now recognised to have had
negative social and ecological consequences.
- Precautionary principle: Principle 3 of the 1992 RioDeclaration on
Environmen and Development. Article 3.3 refers to the precautionary
principle, which is widely reflected in environmental law and
environmental agreements: “Where there are threats of serious or
irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty should not be used
as a reason for postponing such measures” – a statement which closely
mirrors the wording of Principle 15 of the Rio Declaration.
- D1-934 (Écolo J, Submitted)