|Consultation:||FYEG General Assembly 2019|
|Agenda item:||2 Resolutions|
|Proposer:||Red Equo Joven, Jeunes Écologistes, Ecolojovem – Os Verdes, Georgian Young Greens, ecolo j, Jong Groen. (decided on: 08/17/2019)|
|Replaces:||Venezuela: shades of gray|
Venezuela: shades of gray
Over the last years, the economic, social and political situation in Venezuela
have worsen and turned into a crisis of international relevance since the
president of the National Assembly of Venezuela, Juan Guaidó, proclaimed himself
Interim President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
The country's crisis doesn't start here. Since President Maduro came to power,
the economic, social and political crises have become more acute.
On the socio-economic side, the situation has been severely degrading and is
marked by an important inflation as well as problems in the supply of basic
products such as food and medical products. The economic blockade and sanctions
led by the United States of America are one of the main causes of the economic
crisis developing in Venezuela since the paralysis of its main economic activity
translate into a lack of
economic resources for the whole country. Since Venezuela has the largest proven
oil reserves and that their export-derived revenue almost entirely depends on
oil-related products, the economic crisis of the country is also due to the
falling of oil prices.
On the political side, the rights of the opposition parties and critics of the
government are not fully respected. Cases of intimidations, arbitrary
detentions, ill-treatment and torture, sexual and gender-based violence in
detention and excessive use of force during demonstrations have been
highlighted, such as in the report of the United Nations High Commissioner for
Human Rights (UNHCHR) on the situation of human rights in the Bolivarian
Republic of Venezuela of 5 July 2019.
Venezuela's actual democratic situation is the result of the presidential
elections of 20 May 2018, in which President Maduro won overwhelmingly, but
where main Venezuelan opposition parties claimed limited participation and lack
of democratic guarantees. After this event, organisations such as the office of
the UNHCHR, the Organization of American States and the European Union,
considered the elections
Following this situation, National’s Assembly President Juan Guaidó proclaimed
himself Interim President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, invoking
article 233 (which lists cases in which the president shall be considered
"permanently unavailable to serve"), 333 (Constitution’s restoration) and 350
(the right to rebellion) of the Venezuelan Constitution.
While a majority of countries (around 150) interpreted this act as a coup
d'état, others including the US and some European governments, consider it a
legitimate act and unilaterally recognised Juan Guaidó as the legitimate
president of Venezuela.
The constitution states that a new election should have been held within 30
days, which hasn't happen. In addition to this concern, we can see that the
opposition is also using violence.
It should be highlighted that the democratic system, the separation of powers
and the rule of law are currently in a state of fragility. The legislative power
has been duplicated, there is noindependence in the judiciary and there is no
control over the executive power. To all this, we nust add the bias of the media
in both Latin America and the Global North in the situation of the South
American state. The role of the United States in the conflict should be made
clearer. The recent developments in Venezuela should be seen in the light of the
change of governments in other South American countries in recent years.
Considering that the Venezuelan situation is neither black nor white, but
different shades of grey, the Federation of Young European Greens, calls the
European Union and European countries governments:
• to facilitate dialogue between the parties in conflict to develop democratic
guarantees in the country
• not to interfere in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela's internal matters to
favour one part over the other
• to oppose and prevent any military interventions in Venezuela
• to respect the result derived from the round of dialogue and the subsequent
working table between the two parties, endorsed by Norway.
• to encourage the unlocking of Venezuela's economic situation in order to
reduce internal crises and to avoid that the Venezuelan population is unfairly
and do not have access to fundamental rights, by calling for ending the US-led